Last January, the Australian women’s hockey team and the University of Western Australia came together to develop and implement a training program to prevent knee injuries—specifically those to the anterior cruciate ligament or ACL. The regimen was primarily aimed at strengthening the women’s hip and trunk musculature because upper body mechanics seem to affect knee loading during sports activities, according to preliminary simulation research (using OpenSim) by Cyril (Jon) Donnelly, PhD, a lecturer at the University of Western Australia (UWA).
Assuring accuracy and efficiency
In simulations of human activities such as running, hundreds of individual musculotendon models turn on and off to swing the arms and legs.
Biomechanical models contribute to a better understanding of both the normal and the diseased eye.
Squint, and you can almost make out that bird soaring over the horizon. But determining whether it’s a hawk or a raven will be nearly impossible for someone with myopia, also known as nearsightedness. In this common condition, light focuses on a spot in front of, rather than on, the retina. Eyeglasses can correct the defect, as can refractive surgery in which a lens-shaped portion of the cornea—the outer layer of the eye in front of the pupil—is removed in a precise way, pushing the focus back to the retina.
The clear winner: Big Data
Several biomedical computing projects received big money in the fall of 2012. If there’s one clear winner, it’s “Big Data”: three of the grants focus on building new computational infrastructure and tools for dealing with massive biological datasets. A fourth grant focuses on building new tools for multiscale modeling.
Postdocs get a glance at the entire field and their first inside view of NIH grant-making
If he were a graduate student now, Francis Collins would be studying computational biology. That’s what the Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) told a rapt audience at the November 2012 National Centers for Biomedical Computing (NCBC) Showcase. The field of computational biology is “raining opportunities,” Collins said.