How are mathematics and systems approaches shedding light on gut formation and microbial interaction?
The heart holds a special place in human history and literature, and the brain may be the organ we most associate with a sense of self. But the proverbial seat of wisdom—the gut—deserves reverence, too.
It is an architectural wonder buzzing with activity. A 20- to 40-foot tube with many tight bends and folds, the gut houses trillions of bacteria working in cahoots with our own cells to extract energy from food and maintain health.
Using computational approaches to assemble plausible 3-D structures
As a result of experimental techniques developed about a decade ago, researchers now have data that can be used to reconstruct how the genome is arranged inside the nucleus. This 3-D structure likely plays a role in determining cellular function by affecting cells’ ability to access, read and interpret genetic information.
Leveraging big data, modeling, and computational biology to create new protocols
Most scientists seeking to turn back adult cells’ developmental clocks rely on go-to recipes that—when followed just right—will yield stem cells. A dash of one reprogramming factor, a sprinkle of another, and let the mixture stew. Likewise, when researchers want stem cells to remain stem cells or, alternatively, when they want them coaxed down a particular developmental pathway, they have cocktails they turn to. Most of these recipes were concocted using trial and error over the past few years, and then they’ve been passed between labs.
Bringing big data to gait analysis
For nearly ten years, this magazine has been published by Simbios (under principal investigator [PI] Russ Altman) as part of the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Biomedical Computing (NCBC) program. With the end of that program last summer, the magazine faced an uncertain future. But it has gained new life with the support of the Mobilize Center (under PI Scott Delp) as part of BD2K.
This issue of the Biomedical Computation Review features the Centers of Excellence for Big Data Computing. These 12 Centers, funded by the NIH’s Big Data to Knowledge Initiative (BD2K), have been established on the principle that we must be united in our efforts to accelerate the translational impact of big data on human health.
Visualizing complex molecular systems